Project History & Aims
One hundred years ago 100,000 wild tigers roamed throughout Asia, now there could be as few as 3,200.
In the last 100 years Asia’s wild tiger range has shrunk by 93%, and 40% of that has happened in the past ten years.
WildCats Conservation Alliance (formerly known as 21st Century Tiger) channels money raised by the public, the international zoo community and corporate supporters, to carefully chosen wild tiger conservation projects which provide the best conservation value and make the most difference.
Wild tigers are under threat of extinction across their whole range from habitat degradation and fragmentation, depletion of prey animals and poaching to supply a large illegal global trade in their body parts. The projects WildCats Conservation Alliance support focus on these major threats.
Projects are ongoing in Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, India, China, Russia and Thailand. Details on a couple of the projects are detailed below:
BUILDING A TIGER STRONGHOLD IN PARSA WILDLIFE RESERVE, NEPAL
The Parsa Wildlife Reserve and the Bara Forest have received scant conservation attention, despite the ability to accommodate the growing tiger population in the adjacent Chitwan National Park. There is strong evidence to suggest that these areas are being used regularly by tigers.
Bara represents excellent tiger habitat with a good mix of old growth forest and riverine grasslands. However, protection is lacking in the Bara forest, creating an easy target for tiger poachers compared to the heavily protected Chitwan National Park.
This project aims to tighten protection in this area using community based anti-poaching units whilst monitoring the status of tigers and their prey.
Since the beginning of this project, 127 km2 of the Bara forest has been brought under the same protective legislation as Parsa and Chitwan. This means that the same level of protection will now be given to this area.
Since September 2016, patrol teams have covered 8,920km inside the core of PWR including the extended area. 82 army personnel stationed in Parsa have been trained in SMART monitoring techniques.
KERINCI SEBLAT TIGER PROTECTION 2000 – 2017, INDONESIA
Indonesia is one of the world’s largest archipelagos and is situated between Asia and Australia. The island of Sumatra is located in Indonesia and is the only island where you can find the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae). Today there are thought to be an estimated 400-500 Sumatran tigers left in the wild.
The project purpose is to secure the effective protection and conservation of Sumatran tigers through actions to address and reduce direct and indirect threat to tigers in and adjoining a national park that forms the protected core (1.38 million hectares) of a globally important (Level 1) Tiger Conservation Landscape. In the field, six Tiger Protection & Conservation Units operating from the east and west of the protected area conducted a total of 127 SMART forest patrols in and adjoining the national park across a total walking distance of 2276Km (1414 miles ) by GPS Waypoint.
Although threats to tigers from organised tiger poaching syndicates remained far above the norm, active poaching threat to tigers detected dropped to the lowest level since 2012 with 51 active tiger snares – three set by a poacher already in police custody – recorded on TPCU patrols compared with 72 in the preceding 12 months – a fall of more than 30%.
For more information go to www.conservewildcats.org.
Photos courtesy of WildCats Conservation Alliance.